Leopold Stokowski - A Bibliography






Leopold Stokowski - A Bibliography of Source Material

Stokowski 1912

Leopold Stokowski in about 1911 at the time of his marriage to Olga Samaroff


Discographies and Disk Information:


Claude Graveley Arnold, C.S.B. has produced an amazingly comprehensive and painstakingly researched discography of the acoustic recordings of orchestral music from 1896 through to the change to electrical recording in 1926.  Although we often think orchestral recordings being absent from the acoustic era, because of the serious challenge to capture a full orchestra within the physical and technical limitations of the acoustic process, C.G. Arnold's research reveals that there is more than (at least I) believed.  His book is one of a series of excellent discographies from the Greenwood Press:


Arnold, Claude Graveley, C.S.B.  The Orchestra on Record, 1896 - 1926, An Encyclopedia of Orchestral Recordings Made by the Acoustical Process.   Discographies, Number 73, Greenwood Press, Westport Connecticut. 1997. ISBN 0-313-30099-2.


For comprehensive and definitive knowledge of the Stokowski - Philadelphia Orchestra Victor recordings, there cannot be a more authoritative, comprehensive, and reliable source than John R. Bolig in his The Victor Red Seal Discography Volume 1: Single-Sided Series (1903-1925), and The Victor Red Seal Discography Volume 2: Double-Sided Series to 1930.


Both of these were published by the excellent discography source Mainspring Press of Denver.  These two volumes are treasures of scholarship and of 'archeology' of the early years of recording, both of the acoustic era, and of the early years of electrical recording, pioneered by the Victor label.  How grateful we must be to John Bolig and to Allan Sutton of the Mainspring Press for these discographies of great importance and scholarship.


Enno Riekena Discography of Commercial Stokowski Recordings


Further information is available in what must be the best, most complete, and error-free discography of Stokowski's commercially released disks is available on the internet.  This discography, also according to Mr. Riekena, makes use of John Hunt's previous work, described above.  Mr. Enno Riekena is another leading Stokowski expert and scholar.  This is a carefully prepared and researched work, including corrected names of the works recorded, which may often vary from the title selected by Stokowski or by Victor for the record label, particularly for 78 RPM recordings. 


The Concerts of Leopold Stokowski and Robert M. Stumpf's Concert Register


Robert M. Stumpf, II, long a leading Stokowski expert and prolific author and discerning commentator has created a Stokowski concert register covering Stokowski's debut with the Colonne Orchestra in Paris in 1909 (where Stokowski was discovered by Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra representatives), through his final Philadelphia concerts of 1940.


Mr. Stumpf states that "...much of what I have produced here is based on the work of John Hunt...", referring to John Hunt's original Discography and Concert Register from the Leopold Stokowski Society, published in 1996.  [Hunt, John.  Leopold Stokowski. Discography. Concert register.   Published by John Hunt.  1996.  ISBN: 0-952827-5-9.]

Hunt Register


Mr. Stumpf extensively added to and expanded the work of John Hunt, also using research of Frederick Fellers, with numerous corrections.  This valuable concert register is a great and high-quality source of continuing interest.  It is a major contribution to our knowledge of Stokowski's career.,


Books, Articles, and other Publications:


Adams, Stephen B. and Butler, Orville R. Manufacturing the Future: A History of Western Electric.  Cambridge University Press.  Cambridge, UK.  1999  ISBN 0-521-65118-2


Agarwal, Rajshree and Gort, Michael.  First-Mover Advantage and the Speed of Competitive Entry, 1887-1986.  University of Chicago Journal of Law and Economics, vol. XLIV (April 2001) Chicago. 2001.


Aldridge, Benjamin. L. The Victor Talking Machine Company (edited by Frederic Bayh).  RCA Sales Corporation.  June, 1964.  Reproduced in: Fagan, Ted and Moran, William R. The Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings Pre-Matrix Series, as indexed below, and also available on the David Sarnoff website at http://www.davidsarnoff.org/vtm.html


Alexander, Robert Charles  The Inventor of Stereo: The Life and Works of Alan Dower Blumlein, Focal Press.  1999. ISBN 0-240-51628-1


Ardoin, John, editor.  The Philadelphia Orchestra, A Century of Music.  Temple University Press. Philadelphia. 1999.


Arnold, Claude Graveley, C.S.B.  The Orchestra on Record, 1896 - 1926, An Encyclopedia of Orchestral Recordings Made by the Acoustical Process.  Discographies, Number 73, Greenwood Press, Westport Connecticut. 1997. ISBN 0-313-30099-2.


Bachmann, Alberto, Weir, Albert E., Martens, Frederick H.  Encyclopedia of the Violin Translated by Frederick H. Martens.  Published by Da Capo Press, 1975.  ISBN 0306800047


Barnum, Frederick O.  "His Master's Voice" in America.  General Electric Company. 1991. ISBN-13: 978-0939766161


Bayus, Barry L. description on Creating New Markets: The Invention, Development, and Evolution of the Phonograph.  On-going work at UNC, Chapel Hill, NC accessed 2008


Blakeman, Edward.  Taffanel: Genius of the Flute. Oxford University Press 2005.  ISBN-13 978-0-19-517098-6.


Bolig, John R. The Victor Black Label Discography  16000-17000 Series.  Mainspring Press, LLC.  Denver. 2007. ISBN 978-0-9772735-7-7


Bolig, John R.  The Victor Black Label Discography 18000-19000 Series.  Mainspring Press, LLC.  Denver. 2008. ISBN 978-0-9772735-9-1.


Bolig, John R. The Victor Discography Green, Blue and Purple Labels (1910 - 1926). Mainspring Press. Denver, Colorado. 2006. ISBN 0-9772735-2-0


Bolig, John R. The Victor Red Seal Discography Volume 1: Single-Sided Series (1903-1925).  Mainspring Press.  Denver, Colorado. 2004. ISBN 0-9671819-8-4


Bolig, John R.  The Victor Red Seal Discography Volume 2: Double-Sided Series to 1930.  Mainspring Press.  Denver, Colorado. 2006. ISBN 0-9772735-5-5


Bok, Edward William. The Americanization of Edward Bok: The Autobiography of a Dutch Boy 1922. Charles Scribner's sons. 1922.  


Burns, R. W. The Life and Times of A D Blumlein  Institution of Engineering and Technology. Hertfordshire, UK.  2000. ISBN 0-8529677-3-X


Chanan, Michael.  Repeated Takes - A Short History of Recording and its Effects on Music  Verso Books. 1995.  ISBN 1-85984-012-4


Chasins, Abraham.  Leopold Stokowski - A Profile.  Hawthorn Books. New York. 1979. ISBN 0-8015-4480-7


Daniel, Oliver Stokowski A Counterpoint of View  Dodd, Mead & Company.  New York.  1982.  ISBN 0-396-07936-9


Davis, C.C. and Frayne, J.G. The Westrex Stereo Disk System.  Westrex Corporation, Hollywood, CA  Proceedings of the IRE October, 1958 Volume: 46, Issue: 10.  pages 1686-1693.


Day, Timothy A Century of Recorded Music Yale University Press. New Haven 2000 ISBN 0-300-08442-0


Dickson, Harry Ellis.  "Gentlemen, More Dolce Please !". Beacon Press.  Boston. 1974.  ISBN 0-8070-5178-0.


Eargle, John.  The Microphone Book. (Second Edition) Focal Press.  Burlington, Massachusetts.  2004.  ISBN-13 978-0-240-51961-6


Ewen, David. The Man with the Baton, The Story of Conductors and their Orchestras Thomas Crowell Company. New York. 1936


Ewen, David.  Dictators of the Baton.  Alliance Book Corporation.  Chicago.  1943.


> Fagan, Ted and Moran, William R. The Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings Pre-Matrix Series.  Greenwood Press.  Westport Connecticut 1983 ISBN 0-313-23003-X


Fagan, Ted and Moran, William R. The Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings Matrix Series 1 through 4999.  Greenwood Press.  Westport Connecticut 1986 ISBN 0-313-25320-X


Fagen, M.D., ed. A History of Engineering and Science in the Bell System: The Early Years (1875-1925). New York: Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1975


Fair, Demetra Baferos. Flutists’ Family Tree: In Search of the American Flute School. Dissertation for Doctor of Musical Arts in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University. 2003. Ohio State University.


Fiedler, Johanna.  Molto Agitato.  The Mayhem Behind the Music at the Metropolitan Opera.  Anchor Books.  New York 2001.  ISBN 0-385-48187-X


Frayne, John G.  History of Disk Recording Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, Vol. 33 no 4. page 263 -266. April, 1985


Fifield, Christopher.  True artist and true friend, A Biography of Hans Richter. Clarendon Press. Oxford. 1993 ISBN 0-19-816157-3


Fisher, Marc. Something in the Air: Radio, Rock, and the Revolution That Shaped a Generation.  Random House Adult Trade Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-375-50907-0


Franko, Sam.  Chords and Discords; Memoires and Musings of an American Musician.  Viking Press.  New York, New York.  1938.


Frank, Mortimer H. Arturo Toscanini - The NBC Years.  Amadeus Press.  Portland, Oregon. 2002.  ISBN 1-57467-069-7.


Gelatt, Roland The Fabulous Phonograph Cassell & Company, 1954 rev. 1977 ISBN 0-304-29904-9


Gerson, Robert A.  Music in Philadelphia Theodore Presser Co.  Philadelphia. 1940.


Gray, Michael H.   Beecham, A Centenary Discography.   Holmes & Meier Publishers. New York 1979.  ISBN 0-8419-0582-7  

Harrison, Max.  Rachmaninoff: Life, Works, Recordings Continuum International Publishing Group.  London. 2006.  ISBN 0-8264-9312-2


Hart, Philip.  Fritz Reiner: A Biography.  Northwestern University Press.  1997.  ISBN-13: 978-0810114630


Heiles, Anne Mischakoff.  America's Concertmasters.  Harmonie Park Press.  Sterling Heights, MI. 2007.  ISBN-13 978-0-89990-139-8


Heiles, Anne Mischakoff.  Mischa Mischakoff, Journeys of a Concertmaster.  Harmonie Park Press.  Sterling Heights, Michigan.  2006.  ISBN 0-89990-131-X.


Hoffmann, Frank W. and Ferstler, Howard.  Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound, Second Edition.  Taylor & Francis, Inc. July 2004  ISBN-13 9-78041593835-8


Horowitz, Joseph.  Classical Music in America: a History of its Rise and Fall.  W W Norton & Co.  New York. 2005.  ISBN 0-393-05717-8


Howard, John Tasker.  Our American music: three hundred years of it.  Third Edition. Thomas Y. Crowell Co.  New York City, 1946


Howe, Mark Antony De Wolfe The Boston Symphony Orchestra: An Historical Sketch.  Houghton Mifflin Company.  Boston and New York.  1914.


Howe, Mark Antony De Wolfe revised by Burk, John N.  The Boston Symphony Orchestra. 1881-1931.  Houghton Mifflin Company. 1931.


Hubbard, William L., editor.  The American History and Encyclopedia of Music  Irving Squire Company.  New York. 1910.


Huneker, James Gibbons. The Philharmonic Society of New York The Philharmonic Society. New York. 1917.


Hunt, John.  Leopold Stokowski 1882-1997 Discography and Concert register. Published by John Hunt. Exeter. 1996. ISBN 0-952827-5-9


Johnson, E. R. Fenimore.  His Master's Voice Was Eldridge R. Johnson,  A Biography  State Media, Inc.  Milford, Delaware 1974.  

Johnson, Edward.  Stokowski: Essays in Analysis of His Art.  Triad Press. London. 1973.


Kean, Kristen Elizabeth.   First Flute: The Pioneering Career of Doriot Anthony Dwyer.  Louisiana State University D.M. Monograph.  December, 2007.


Keim, Friedel.   Das grosse Buch der Trompete  Instrument, Geschichte, Trompeterlexikon.  Schott.  Mainz, Germany.  September, 2005.  ISBN 3-7957-0560-4.


Kline, Donna Staley.  An American Virtuoso on the World Stage: Olga Samaroff Stokowski. Texas A&M University Press. 1997.  ISBN-13 9780890967621

Koenigsberg, Allen. The Birth of the Recording Industry  Speech presented at the United States Patent Office Bicentennial.  Washington, D.C. on May 9, 1990.


Koenigsberg, Allen. The Patent History of the Phonograph 1877-1912. APM Press.  Brooklyn, NY 1990, 1991  ISBN 0-937612-13-8  

Kolodin, Irving.  New Guide to Recorded Music.  Doubleday & Co. Inc. Garden City, NY 1947


Klapholz, Jesse. The History and Development of Microphones.  Sound and Communications. September, 1986


Korstvedt, Benjamin M.  Anton Bruckner, Symphony No. 8.  Cambridge University Press. 2000. ISBN 0-52163-5373  

Kupferberg, Herbert.  Those Fabulous Philadelphians.  Charles Scribner's Sons.  New York.  1969.  ISBN 049-100394-3


Lawson, Colin James.  The Cambridge Companion to the Clarinet.  Cambridge University Press.  Cambridge, UK.  1995.  ISBN 0-52147668-2


Lourié, Arthur.  Serge Koussevitzky and His Epoch.  W.W.Norton. New York. 1929.

Lebrecht, Norman.  The Maestro Myth: Great Conductors in Pursuit of Power  Citadel Press. New Jersey Publishing Group.  ISBN 0-8065-2088-4.


Leinsdorf, Erich. Cadenza: A Musical Career.  Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 1976. ISBN 0395244013


De Lorenzo, Leonardo. My Complete Story of the Flute: The Instrument, the Performer, the Music.  Texas Tech University.  Lubbock, Texas.  1992.  ISBN 978-0-89672-277-4


Mannes, David. Music is my Faith - An Autobiography  Norton.  New York, New York. Reprinted 1978.  ISBN 0-306-77595-6

McGinn, Robert E.  Stokowski and the Bell Telephone Laboratories: Collaboration in the Development of High-Fidelity Sound Reproduction.  Technology and Culture, volume 24 no 1, January 1983.  pp 38-76.


McLean, Donald F. Restoring Baird's Image, Institution of Electrical Engineers IET 2000 ISBN 0-8529-6795-0  

Mindell, David A. Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing Before Cybernetics. Johns Hopkins University Press. 2004. ISBN 0801868955 


Moore, Jerrold Northrop.   Sound Revolutions, A Biography of Fred Gaisberg, Founding Father of Commercial Sound Recordings.  Sanctuary Publishing Ltd.  London. 1999.  ISBN 1-86074-235-1


Morton, David L. Jr.  Sound Recording: The Life Story of a Technology  Greenwood Press. Westport CT.  2004. ISBN-13 978-0-313-33090-2


Moses, Julian Morton.  Collectors' Guide to American Recordings 1895 - 1925. American Record Collectors' Exchange. New York. 1949.


Newmarch, Rosa.  Tchaikovsky: His Life and Works With Extracts from His Writings.  John Lane, The Bodley Head.  New York, New York.  1900, republished 2006.  ISBN 1425496741


North, James H.  New York Philharmonic. The Authorized Recordings 1917-2005. A Discography.  The Scarecrow Press.  Lanham, Maryland.  2006.  ISBN-13 978-0-8108-5854-1


Opperby, Preben.  Leopold Stokowski. Midas Books. Kent, UK and Hippocrene Books. New York. 1982. ISBN 0-88254-658-9

Ouvry-Vial, Brigette and Zeisel, Georges L'Orchestre  Autrement Revue no 99 Paris Mai, 1998.


Peck, Donald.  'The Right Place, The Right Time'  Indiana University Press.  Bloomington, Indiana.  2007.  ISBN-13: 978-0-253-34914-9.


Phelan, Jack  The Legend of J. Walter Guetter (1895-1937) The Double Reed, Volume 17, no 2 Fall 1994 Idaho Falls, Idaho 1994.

Robinson, Paul  Stokowski, with Discography by Bruce Surtees.  Macdonald and Jane's. London 1977 ISBN 0-354-04232-7


Rosenberg, Donald.  The Cleveland Orchestra Story.  'Second to None'. Gray & Company. Cleveland. 2000. ISBN 1-886228-24-8.


Russell, Charles Edward.  The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas.   William Heinemann, Ltd.  London. 1927.


Saleski, Gdal.  Famous Musicians of a Wandering Race   reprinted by Kessinger Publishing. 2006. ISBN 142862516X


Scherer, Barrymore Laurence.  Program Notes to The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Centennial Collection.  Philadelphia Orchestra Association.  Philadelphia, 1999.


Schneider, David.  The San Francisco Symphony. Music, Maestros, and Musicians.  Presidio Press. San Francisco. 1983. ISBN 0-89141-296-4.


Schwarz, Boris.  Great Masters of the Violin.  Simon and Schuster. New York. 1983. ISBN 0-671-22598-7.


Schonberg, Harold C. The Great Conductors. Simon and Schuster. New York 1969.  

Secor, H. Winfield.  Orthophonic Radio Phonograph Science and Invention.  January, 1926, pp 802-803, 875-876.  


Shanet, Howard. Philharmonic: A History of New York's Orchestra.  New York.  Doubleday, 1975.


Sherman, John K.  Music and Maestros: The Story of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra.  University of Minnesota Press.  Minneapolis, Minnesota.  1952. ISBN-13: 978-0816658695.    

Sherman, Michael W. (in collaboration with Moran, William R., Nauck, Kurt R.)  Collector's Guide to Victor Records  Monarch Record Enterprises  Dallas, Texas.  1992  ISBN 0-9632903-0-4  


Smith, Rollin.  Stokowski and the Organ.  Pendragon Press.  2004.  ISBN 157647103-9.


Smith, William Ander.  The Mystery of Leopold Stokowski  Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.  New Jersey 1990.   ISBN-13: 978-0838633625.   


Snyder, Louis.  Boston Symphony and Its World of Players  Beacon Press.  Boston, Massachusetts.   1979.   ISBN 0-8070-665-8.


Starker, Janos.  The world of music according to Starker.  Indiana University Press. 2009. ISBN-13: 978-0-253-34452-6


Stern, Isaac and Potok, Chaim.  My First 79 Years.  Da Capo Press. New York, 2001  ISBN 0-3068-1006-9.

Stokowski, Olga Samaroff.  An American Musician's Story   W.W. Norton & Company. New York. 1939. ISBN 1406751200


Sutton, Allan.   Recording the 'Twenties.  The Evolution of the American Recording Industry, 1920-29.  Mainspring Press.  Denver, Colorado 2008.  ISBN 978-0-9772735-4-6.


Storch, Laila.  Marcel Tabuteau "How Do You Expect to Play the Oboe If You Can't Peel a Mushroom?".  Indiana University Press.  Bloomington. 2008.  ISBN-13 978-0-253-34949-1.


Tarr, Edward H. (Stewart Carter, editor).  East Meets West: The Russian Trumpet Tradition  Historical Brass Society Series number 4.  Pendragon Press, 2004.  ISBN-13 978-1576470282


Taylor, Deems. Walt Disney's Fantasia, with a foreword by Leopold Stokowski. Simon & Schuster New York 1940.


Toff, Nancy.  Monarch of the flute: the life of Georges Barrère   Oxford University Press. New York 2005. ISBN-13 978-0-19-517016-0


Toobin, Jerome.  Agitato - A Trek through the Musical Jungle. The Viking Press, New York 1975.


Villemin, Stephane.  Les Grands Pianistes. Georg Editeur . Geneva. 1999.


Welch, Walter L. and Burt, Leah Brodbeck Stenzel.  From Tinfoil to Stereo: The Acoustic Years of the Recording Industry 1877-1929.  University Press of Florida. Gainsville. 1976.  ISBN 0-8130-1317-8


Wister, Frances Anne Twenty-five years of the Philadelphia Orchestra (1900-25)  Edward Stern & Co, Philadelphia 1925.

Wooldridge, David. Conductor's World. Barrie & Rockliff, London. 1970


Yancich, Milan.  An Orchestra Musician's Odyssey: A View from the Rear.  Wind Music, Inc.  Rocheser, NY.  1995.


Brian Rust:  Discography of Historical Records on Cylinders and 78s

The Victor Master Book, Volume 2 (1925-1936) co-authors: Malcolm Shaw, Nevil Skrimshire


If you have any comments or questions about this Leopold Stokowski site, please e-mail me (Larry Huffman) at e-mail address: leopold.stokowski@gmail.com


Full Navigation Menu of www.stokowski.org site (click any button below):


Rosters of Musicians of some Great Orchestras:



Leopold Stokowski - Philadelphia Orchestra Acoustic Recordings 1917-1924:


Leopold Stokowski - Philadelphia Orchestra Electrical Recordings 1925-1940:


Leopold Stokowski Recording Discographies and Listing of Concerts:


Other Information about Leopold Stokowski:


Leopold Stokowski and Development of Recording:


Fritz Reiner: