Victor Program Transcription Records - 33 1/3 RPM long playing recordings

 

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Victor Program Transcription Records -

 

RCA Victor Introduces a Series of 33 1/3 RPM Long Play Records in 1931

 

transcription discs

Introduction by RCA Victor of Long Playing Program Transcription Records

 

In September, 1931, RCA Victor introduced a series on 12 inch (30 cm) discs recorded at 33 1/3 RPM that they named Program Transcription records.  Victor presented their new development to the press on September 26, 1931. publicity release:

"...Before a select audience of more than a hundred musical celebrities, prominent editors, and educators at the Plaza Hotel New York City, the RCA Victor Company held the first demonstration of a new long-playing record capable of reproducing an entire symphony or musical program lasting a full half hour... Distinguished speakers, among whom were Leopold Stokowski director of the Philadelphia Orchestra and Edward E. Schumaker, President of the RCA Victor Company... The first composition to be recorded as a program transcription was was of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra under the direction of Leopold Stokowski at the Philadelphia Academy of Music..." 1

L-7001

Victor L-7001 Program Transcription of Beethoven Symphony no 5

 

These records were able to contain up to 15 minutes of recording on each side.  Unlike the Columbia LP long playing 33 1/3 records introduced in 1948, the groove size was not a "microgroove" but was the same size as for the 78 RPM disc.  However, grooves were somewhat closer together than conventional 78s 2.  Most of these records were pressed on a new composition which Victor called "Vitrolac" which Victor considered superior to the standard shellac material used in 78 RPM discs of the era.  However, over time, Vitrolac proved to wear more rapidly than conventional shellac records and they did not have a quieter surface.

 

This first Victor Program Transcription release of Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra performing the Beethoven Symphony no 5 was released on Victor L-7001, a two sided 12 inch (30 cm) disc recorded directly onto two 33 1/3 RPM matrices.  RCA Victor had been recording the Philadelphia Orchestra in their studios in Camden, New Jersey to save money, but this recording was made in the orchestra's home: the Academy of Music in Philadelphia which featured superior acoustics.  Each of the two sides were first "takes" matrices LCVE 67543-1 and LCVE 67544-1: 17 and 14 minute sides each done in one take.

 

Previous 33 1/3 Disc Recordings

 

These 33 1/3 recorded discs were not new in 1931.  Bell Laboratories had developed electrical recording during the 1920s, including the Vitaphone system.  Vitaphone was the first commercially successful sound track system synchronized to movies.  Pioneering "talkies" such as The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson in 1927 used the Vitaphone system.  Vitaphone was introduced and commercialized in Hollywood by the Bell subsidiary Western Electric.  The Vitaphone recording discs were engineered to contain the at least 11 minutes of sound, corresponding to the length of one reel of movie film as projected in that era.  The Vitaphone disc was 16 inches (40 cm) recorded at 33 1/3 RPM, and played from the inside groove closest to the record label to the outside groove.

 

This same format disc was soon used for radio "program transcription discs" which allowed companies to create and syndicate radio programmes which they would distribute to radio stations to originate, locally, popular shows or to add to local radio content.  These recordings were 16 inches (40 cm) in diameter recorded at 33 1/3 RPM similar to the Vitaphone format.  Such transcriptions continued to be used into the 1940s.

 

New Equipment To Play 33 1/3 RPM Program Transcription Records

 

RCA Victor introduced several new record playing systems, usually integrating radios and automatic record changers which would play both 78 RPM discs and the new 33 1/3 RPM records.  In 1931 the Radiola radio-phonography model RAE-26.

RAE-26

 

The mechanism introduced by Victor for automatic play of either 78 RPM or 33 1/3 RPM Program Transcription discs was heavy, even compared with the heavy pick-up designs of the 1930s.  One advantage of the groove size of the 33 1/3 RPM Program Transcription disc was that, being the same as conventional 78 RPM discs, the same stylus could be used for both disc speeds.

transcription player

 

Rise and Fall of RCA Victor's Program Transcription Venture

 

After the initial introduction of Program Transcription discs in September 1931, there were further fairly large releases in September, October 1932 and May through August 1933.  In November 1933 there was also released a series of albums of automatic record changer sequence to coincide with introductions of new automatic player equipment capable of playing both 78 RPM and 33 1/3 RPM discs. 

 

This commercial release taking place in the depths of the Great Depression, purchase of the special equipment needed to play these long-playing recordings was limited to a few affluent music lovers.  To expand sales, Victor even released long-play records which could be used in music halls, and a remarkable disc intended to be used in funeral establishments before and after a service !

L-35000

 

The 1931 Victor "Program Transcription" programme was even expanded to markets outside the US.  Striking examples include this pressing for the Japanese market of the Victor disk Victor L-24001, which was a 33 1/3 remastering of the 21 April 1927 recording of Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue played by George Gershwin, piano and scored for Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra, who had commissioned the work.

Japan

 

In the early 1950s, Edward Wallerstein (1891-1970) wrote about the demise of the Program Transcription programme.  Wallerstein had been General Manager of RCA Victor under David Sarnoff, and then in 1938 moved to manage Columbia Records under William Paley.  It was during Wallerstein's management of Columbia Records that Columbia developed and introduced in 1948 their new Long Play microgroove 33 1/3 RPM disc format.  About the Victor Program Transcription programme, Wallerstein said:

 

"...when I became general manager of the Victor Division of RCA on July 1, 1933, my first act was to take them [the Program Transcription records] off the market.  The idea was good and they might have sold, but there were technical problems.  Most of the records were made from Victorlac, a vinyl compound developed by Jim Hunter; the pickups available at that time were so heavy they just cut through the material after several plays.  The complaints from customers all over the U.S. were so terrific that we were forced to withdraw the LPs.  If you could get a new pressing of one of these records today and play it with a modern lightweight 2-mil pickup, it probably would sound pretty good... " 4

 

So ended RCA Victor's pioneering experiment with Program Transcription long playing records, which failed in part due to the technical problems described by Mr. Wallerstein, and also because this venture was undertaken during what were the most difficult years of the 'Great Depression'.

 

Leopold Stokowski - Philadelphia Orchestra 33 1/3 Program Transcription Discography

 

Disc Information

Date / Location

Composer

Victor L-1000

Victor L-1000

double sided 10 inch (25 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

in August 1931 for the launch of its Program Transcription discs, Victor dubbed excerpts from Carmen originally recorded March 10, April 30, May 2, 1927

 

Victor L-1000 side A matrix LBVE-69-165-1 contained BVE 22812-5 (Prelude) with CVE-27903-2 (Changing of the Guard) and CVE-37498-1 (Gypsy Dance).

 

Victor L-1000 side B matrix LBVE-69166-1 contained CVE-37494-2 (intermezzo), CVE-27902-2 (Smugglers) and concluded with BVE-38211-1 (Habanera).

March 10, 1927

 

April 30, 1927

 

May 2, 1927

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Georges Bizet: Carmen (1875): Excerpts as arranged by Stokowski

 

Act 1 Prelude (March 10, 1927)

 

Act 1 scene 5 - "Habanera" (March 10, 1927)

 

"Intermezzo, Les Dragons d'Alcala" (Act 3 Prelude and Act 2 Prelude "Les dragons d'Alcala") (April 30, 1927)

 

Act 2 - "Gypsy Dance" (Danse Bohème) (May 2, 1927)

 

Act 3 - "March of the Smugglers" (Marche des contrebandiers) (May 2, 1927)

 

Act 1 - "Changing of the Guard" (Avec la garde montante) (May 2, 1927)

 

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Victor L-1006

Victor L-1006

double sided 10 inch (25 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

in 1933, Victor dubbed this recording of "The Raven" onto both a Victor 33 1/3 RPM 10 inch (25cm) Program Transcription disc L-1006 and onto two 78 RPM picture discs. These picture disc were stamped on a transparent plastic material with an image of Edgar Allan Poe and with the words of Poe's poem (see image to right).

 

the 33 1/3 RPM disc contained matrix LBS-75125-6 on side A and LBS-75126-5 on side B. the laminated Picture Discs were Victor 78 RPM 10 inch (25 cm) L-2000, L-2001 matrices BS 69483-2 through 69486-2

 

This recording came from a Philadelphia Orchestra concert pair of December 9, 10, 1932 which Victor recorded live onto a film soundtrack, then dubbed onto film FRC matrices FRC-74824-1 through FRC-74837-1. This was the source of the 33 1/3 RPM and 78 RPM discs.

December 9, 10 1932

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

the Raven picture disc

78 RPM "Picture Disc" of The Raven issued in 1933

Arcady Dubensky (1890-1966): "The Raven" (1931) setting the poem of Edgar Allan Poe to music

 

Benjamin de Loache, speaker

the Raven

Program Transcription disc version

 

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Victor L-7001

Victor L-7001 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

For the 1931 launch of its Program Transcription discs, Victor recorded Leopold Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra in the Academy of Music directly onto a 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc, matrix LCVE 67543-1 side A, LCVE 67544-1 side B. These were 17 and 14 minute sides each done in one take. For Europe, HMV 42-1217 and 42-1218 are listed by the Discography of American Historical Recordings 3, but may not have been issued.

 

This recording was the only 1931 Philadelphia Orchestra RCA Victor recording done in the Academy of Music; all others were recorded in Camden, New Jersey to save money.

July 15, 1931

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Ludwig van Beethoven

 

Symphony no 5 in c minor opus 67 Victor L-7001

 

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Victor L-7002

Victor L-7002 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

in August 1931 for the launch of its Program Transcription discs, Victor dubbed these recordings, originally made in 1929 onto 33 1/3 matrices.

 

Victor L-7002 side A "Russian Easter Overture" matrix LCVE-69777-1 was dubbed from matrices CVE-48923-1, CVE-48924-3A, CVE-48925-2A, CVE-48926-1. Side B "Capriccio italien" matrix LCVE-69778-1 was dubbed from matrices CVE 48932-1, CVE 48933-2 and CVE 48934-3.

January 26, 28, 30, 1929

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: "Russian Easter Overture" (La grande Pâque Russe), opus 36

 


 

P. I. Tchaikovsky: "Capriccio italien" opus 45

 

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Victor L-7004

Victor L-7004 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

also in August 1931 for the launch of its Program Transcription discs, these recordings were dubbed from the November, 1926 originals. 33 1/3 RPM side A matrix LCVE-69730-2 contained CVE 36655-4, CVE 36656-4, CVE 36657-2 originals and side B LCVE-69764-1 contained CVE 36669-1, CVE 36670-4, CVE 36671-2.

4, 10 November 1926

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

P. I. Tchaikovsky

 

Suite from "The Nutcracker", opus 43

- Miniature Overture (Ouverture miniature)

- March (Marche)

- Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy (Danse de la fée Dragée)

- Trepak - Russian Dance (Danse russe)

- Arabian Dance (Danse arabe)

- Chinese Dance (Danse chinoise)

- Dance of the Flutes (Danse des Mirlitons)

- Waltz of the Flowers (Valse des fleurs).

L-7004 Nutcracker

 

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Victor L-11609 to L-11615

Victor L-11609 to L-11615 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

on April 9, 1932 this performance of Schoenberg's massive "Gurre-Lieder" was recorded live onto seven Victor 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs: L-11609 through L-11615 in Victor album LM-127 consisting of 13 sides of the Gurre-Lieder and one side of Stokowski's explanation of Gurre-Lieder themes (on side A of L-11609).

 

33 1/3 RPM matrices: LCSHQ-71699-1 through LCSHQ-71711-1 all first takes. sides were faded out and faded in on two separate cutting machines.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on discs L-11682 through L-11688

Jeanette Vreeland, soprano - Tove

Rose Bampton, mezzo-soprano - Waldtaube

Paul Althouse, tenor - Waldemar Robert Bette, tenor - Klaus-Narr/Klaus the Jester

Abrasha Robofsky, bass - Bauer/Farmer

Benjamin de Loache - narrator

Princeton Glee Club, Alexander Russell, director

Fortnightly Club - Henry Gordon Thunder, director

Mendelssohn Club - Bruce Carey, director

The Chorus of the Philadelphia Orchestra - an eight part mixed chorus

 

April 9, 1932 (Stokowski on April 15, 1932 recorded his explanation of Gurre-Lieder themes)

 

Metropolitan Opera House, Philadelphia, USA

Arnold Schoenberg

 

Gurre-Lieder (1911)

Gurre-Lieder HMV

 

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Victor L-11616, L-11617

Victor L-11616, L-11617 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

on March 19, 1932, Stokowski made the premiere recordings of two works by Alexader Scriabin: "Poem of Extasy" and "Poem of Fire" released in Victor Program Transcription album LM-125.

 

During the same session, this was also recorded as four 78 RPM discs "Poem of Extasy": Victor 7515, 7516 and "Poem of Fire": Victor 7517, 7518 both in album M-125

 

recorded directly onto two 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM Victor discs L-11616 (Extasy), and L-11617 (Fire). L-11616 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72019-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72022-1 side B. L-11617 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72025-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72028-1 side B.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11689, L-11690

March 19, 1932

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Alexander Scriabin

 

Symphony no 4 opus 54 - "Poem of Extasy" (Le poème de l"extase)

 

Symphony no 5 opus 60 - "Poem of Fire" (Le poème de feu) with the Curtis Institute Choir directed by Sylvan Levin

L-11617 Scriabin

 

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Victor L-11636, L-11637

Victor L-11636, L-11637 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

on April 16, 1932 this performance of Stokowski's "Symphonic Synthesis" of music from Tristan und Isolde was recorded in the Camden Church Studio in New Jersey directly onto discs L-11636 and L-11637 in Victor album LM-154.

 

During the same session, this was also recorded as four 78 RPM discs Victor 7621, 7622, 7623, 7624 in album M-154

 

Victor L-11636 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72064-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72067-1 side B. L-11637 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72070-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72072-1 side B. The recording was also mastered onto automatic changer 33 1/3 sequence on

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11709, L-11710

April 16, 1932

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Richard Wagner

 

Tristan und Isolde - Symphonic Synthesis

 

This was Stokowski's first version consisting of: Prelude to Act 1, Act 1 parts of Scene 4 and 5 when Tristan meets Isolde, hunting horns beginning Act 2, the love scene of Act 2, Act 3 music Tristan awakes with yearning, and concluding with the Liebestod music

L-11636 Tristan

 

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Victor L-11638, L-11639

Victor L-11638, L-11639 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

At this April 23, 1932 session, this Sibelius symphony was recorded on both a 78 RPM album M-160 and also directly onto two 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM Victor "Program Transcription" discs in album LM-160. For both speeds, two cutting machines were used allowing matrix sides fading out and in.

 

The discs in album LM-160 were Victor L-11638, L-11639. L-11638 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72078-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72081-1 side B. L-11639 used 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72084-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSCHQ-72087-1 side B.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11711, L-11712

April 23, 1932

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Jean Sibelius

 

Symphony no 4 in a minor, opus 63

 

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Victor L-11643, L-11644

Victor L-11643, L-11644 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

At these March 1933 sessions, this Rheingold "Symphonic Synthesis" was recorded on both a 78 RPM album M-179 and also directly onto two 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM Victor "Program Transcription" discs in album LM-179. For both speeds, two cutting machines were used allowing matrix sides fading out and in.

 

The discs in album LM-179 were Victor L-11643, L-11644. L-11643 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75179-2 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75182-2 side B. L-11644 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75185-1 side A, with side B blank.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11716, L-11717

March 4 and March 25, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Richard Wagner

 

Das Rheingold: "Symphonic Synthesis" as arranged by Stokowski

 

Erda's music given to the English horn in a 5 minute extended solo played by Robert Bloom

 

Part 1 of the Synthesis: the Prelude, Alberich with the Rhinemaidens, the descent of Wotan and Loge into Nibelheim, Erda's warning. Part 2 "Entrance of the Gods into Valhalla" as arranged by Stokowski.

L-11644 Rheingold

 

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Victor L-11645, L-11646

Victor L-11645, L-11646 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

In 1933, Stokowski's 1927 recording of Schubert's "Unfinished" symphony was dubbed by Victor onto two 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) long play Program Transcription discs Victor L-11645 and Victor L-11646

 

Victor disc L-11645 side A LP matrix LCS-75661-3 dubbed 1927 matrices CVE 29052-6, CVE 29053-6, CVE 29054-6 and side B LP matrix LCS-75662-4 dubbed 1927 matrices CVE 29054-6, CVE 29055-6.  Victor disc L-11646 side A LP matrix LCS-75663-2 dubbed 1927 matrices CVE 29056-7, CVE 29057-7. The final 33 1/3 side was blank.

 

This 33 1/3 Program Transcription was also issued in an automatic sequence play album LAM-16 containing Victor discs L-11718 and L-11719.

April 28, 1927

April 30, 1927

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Franz Schubert

 

Symphony no 8 in b minor "Unfinished"

L 11645

 

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Victor L-11647 - L-11649

Victor L-11647 - L-11649 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

in 1933 this 1927 recording was also dubbed onto three Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) double sided long play "Program Transcription" discs Victor L-11647 through L-11649 in album LM-15

 

Victor L-11647 side A matrix LCS-76273-1 dubbed CVE 37483-2, CVE 37484-2 and side B matrix LCS-76274-1 dubbed CVE 37485-2, CVE 37486-1. Victor L-11648 side A matrix LCS-76275-2 dubbed CVE 37487-2, CVE 37488-2, and side B matrix LCS-76276-1 dubbed CVE 37489-1, CVE 37490-2. Victor L-11649 side A matrix LCS-76277-1 dubbed CVE 37491-1, CVE 37492-2 with the final 33 1/3 RPM side blank.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11647 through L-11649 with side B blank.

April 25, 1927

April 26, 1927

April 27, 1927

April 28, 1927

April 30, 1927

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Johannes Brahms

 

Symphony no 1 in c minor opus 68

Program Transcription blank

blank side of a "Program Transcription" 33 1/3 RPM recording

 

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Victor L-11650 - L-11652

Victor L-11650 - L-11652 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

in 1933 this 1927 Franck recording was also dubbed onto three Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) double sided long play "Program Transcription" discs Victor L-11650 through L-11652 in album LM-22

 

Victor L-11650 33 1/3 matrix LCS-76268-2 dubbed CVE 34730-3 CVE 34731-4 and side two matrix LCS-76274-1 dubbed CVE CVE 34732-3, CVE 34733-3. Victor L-11651 matrix LCS-76270-1 dubbed 39340-2, CVE 39341-1 and side two matrix LCS-76271-1 dubbed CVE 39342-1, CVE 39343-1. Victor L-11652 33 1/3 matrix LCS-76272-1 dubbed CVE 39344-1, CVE 39345-1 with the final 33 1/3 side being blank.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11723 through L-11725

October 3, 4, 1927

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Cesar Franck

 

Symphony in D minor in a minor, opus 63

 

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Victor L-11653 - L-11655

Victor L-11653 - L-11655 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

not released

 

At recording sessions on March 4 and April 29, 1933, Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra recorded the Brahms Symphony no 4 on five 78 RPM discs in album M-185. At the same time, during the March 4, 1933 session this recording was mastered onto three 33 1/3 RPM Program Transcription discs - not released.

 

The 33 1/3 RPM Victor discs were assigned as L-11653 through L-11655 in album LM-185, not released.

 

L-11653 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75164-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75166-2 side B. L-11654 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75170-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75173-1 side B. L-11655 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75176-2 side A, with side B blank.

Victor also mastered this recording onto automatic changer 33 1/3 sequence on Victor discs L-11726, L-11727, L-11728 - also not released.

March 4, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Johannes Brahms

 

Symphony no 4 in e minor opus 98

 

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Victor L-11656

Victor L-11656 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

in 1933 this famous 1929 recording of the "Swan of Tuonela" was dubbed onto a Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) Program Transcription disc Victor L-11656 coupled with the 1930 recording of Finlandia; but this disc was not released.

 

The original 78 RPM recordings Victor 7380 (Swan) and Victor 7412 (Finlandia) continued to be sold.

 

L-11656 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-76752-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-76753-1 side B.

May 2, 3, 1929

 

April 28, 1930

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Jean Sibelius:

 

Swan of Tuonela from "Three Legends" opus 22

English horn solo: Marcel Tabuteau

 

Finlandia opus 26

L 11656

 

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Victor L-11669, L-11670

Victor L-11669, L-11670 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

this 1929, 1930 recording of the Paris version of Tannhäuser - Overture and Venusberg Music was dubbed onto two Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) Program Transcription discs Victor L-11669, L-11670 in 1933.

 

Victor L-11669 33 1/3 side A matrix LCS-76754-1 dubbed CVE CVE 51876-6, CVE 51877-5A and side B matrix LSC-76755-1 dubbed CVE 51878-2, CVE 51879-4A.

Victor L-11670 33 1/3 side A matrix LCS-76756-1 dubbed CVE 51880-1A and CVE 51875-2, with side B blank.

 

Victor also mastered this recording onto automatic changer 33 1/3 sequence on Victor discs L-11747 and L-11748.

September 23, 1929,

March 14, 1930

April 29, 1930

 

Academy of Music, Philadelphia, USA

Richard Wagner:

 

Tannhäuser - Overture and Venusberg Music (Paris version) as arranged by Stokowski

 

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Victor L-11671 - L-11673

Victor L-11671 - L-11673 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

In these 1933 sessions, these excerpts from Die Götterdämmerung were recorded on both a 78 RPM album M-188 and also directly onto three 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM Victor Program Transcription discs in album LM-188. For both speeds, two cutting machines were used allowing matrix sides fading out and in.

 

The discs in album LM-188 were Victor L-11671 through L-11673. L-11671 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75628-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75631-1 side B. L-11672 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75634-3 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75681-1 side B. L-11673 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-75678-2 side A, with side B blank.

 

in 1933 released also in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11736, L-11737, L-11738.

March 25, 1933

April 29, 1933

October 28, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Richard Wagner

 

Die Götterdämmerung - excerpts as arranged by Stokowski

 

Dawn & Siegfried"s Rhine Journey, Siegfried"s Death & Funeral Music, Immolation & Finale

 

Agnes Davis - Brünnhilde in the finale. She was a Curtis Institute student at the time

L-11673 Wagner

 

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Victor L-11674, L-11675

Victor L-11674, L-11675 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

not released

 

In this recording session, excerpts from Die Walküre were recorded simultaneously on 78 RPM matrices and 33 1/3 Program Transcription matrices, with multiple cutting machines used so that sides could be faded from one matrix to the next without the orchestra stopping between takes. Neither the 78 RPM nor the 33 1/3 RPM recordings were released.

 

recorded directly onto two 33 1/3 Program Transcription discs L-11674, L-11675. matrices: L-11674 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-78420-1 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-78423-1 side B. L-11675 used 33 1/3 matrix LSC-78426-3 side A, 33 1/3 matrix LSC-78429-1 side B.

 

this 1933 recording was also prepared in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs L-11739 and L-11740, also not released.

November 18, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Richard Wagner

 

Die Walküre (1856) - excerpts

 

Stokowski arrangement of excerpts: consisted of Act 1 'Spring Song' of Sigmund, Act 3 Ride of the Valkyries, Act 3 Wotan's Farewell and Fire Music.

 

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Victor L-11744 - L-11746

Victor L-11744 - L-11746 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM discs

 

This session of the premiere recording of the Shostakovich Symphony no 1 was recorded simultaneously on 78 RPM matrices (for album M-192) and 33 1/3 Program Transcription matrices (for album LM-192), with multiple cutting machines used so that sides could be faded from one matrix to the next without the orchestra stopping between takes.

 

recorded directly onto three 33 1/3 Program Transcription discs L-11744 through L-11746. L-11744 used matrix LCS-78445-1 for side A, LCS-78454-1 for side B. L-11745 used matrix LCS-78448-1 for side A, LCS-78457-1 for side B. L-11746 used matrix LCS-78451-1 for side A, with side B blank.

 

this 1933 recording was also prepared in automatic changer sequence on Victor Program Transcription discs on L-11749, L-11750, L-11751 with side B blank.

November 18, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Dmitri Shostakovich

 

Symphony no 1 in f minor opus 10

M-192

Victor album M-192 the 78 RPM premiere recording

 

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Victor L-11752

Victor L-11752 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

In this session, the Liadov works were recorded simultaneously on 78 RPM matrices for release on one 12 inch (30 cm) Victor Red Seal disc 8491 and one 10 inch (25 cm) disc 1681.

 

Also on 33 1/3 Program Transcription matrix for Victor L-11752, with multiple cutting machines used so that sides could be faded from one matrix to the next without the orchestra stopping between takes.

 

recorded directly a 33 1/3 Program Transcription disc L-11752, with matrix LCS-78439-1 for side A and LCS-78442-1 for side B.

November 18, 1933

 

Camden Church Studio no 1, Camden, NJ USA

Anatoly Liadov

 

Eight Russian Folk Songs opus 58 (as arranged by Stokowski):

 

- 'Religious Chant'

- 'Christmas Carol - Kolyada'

- 'Plaintive Melody'

- 'Humorous Song "I Danced With The Gnat"'

- 'Legend of the Birds'

- 'Cradle Song'

- 'Round Dance'

- 'Village Dance Song'

Liadov

 

Page

 

 

Some other (non-Stokowski) Victor Program Transcription Discs

 

Disc Information

Date / Location

Composer

picture

Victor L-4506

Victor Herbert Melodies - Suite Number 2:

Panamericana, I've Been Decorated, Twilight Borakecsh, Rose of the World, Yesterthoughts, Punchinello, Erin's Isle, Eileen Alanna Ashore, The Irish Have A Great Day Tonight, You're The Only Girl For Me, When You're Away

 

Nathaniel Shilkret

Victor Salon Orchestra

 

29 October 1930 24th Street Studio 1, New York City (CVE-63182-1)

and 18 November and 5 December 1930 Studio 2, New York City

First issued on Victor 10 inch (25 cm) 78 RPM discs 9903, 9904, 9905. In 1931, these recordings were dubbed onto a Victor 33 1/3 RPM 10 inch (25 cm) long play "Program Transcription" disc Victor L-4506.

 

A double-sided 10 inch (25 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LVBE-69724-3 and LVBE-69725-3

The original 78 RPM Victor matrices were: CVE-63182-1, CVE-64360-2, CVE-63180-1, CVE-64359-2, CVE-64392-2

picture

Victor L-11600

Beethoven: Symphony no 4 in B flat major

 

Pablo Casals

Orquesta Pau Casals

 

4, 5 July 1929 Olympia Theater, Barcelona, Spain

First issued on 78 RPM discs by HMV in Europe on D 1725, D 1726, D 1727 and D 1728. In 1931, this recording was dubbed onto a double-sided Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) long play "Program Transcription" disc Victor L-11600.

 

A double-sided 12 inch (30 cm) 33 1/3 RPM disc

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LCVE-69712-2 and LCVE-69713-2

The original 78 RPM HMV matrices were: CJ2352-2, CJ2353-2, CJ2354-2, CJ2355-1, CJ2356-2, CJ2358-1, CJ2359-1

picture

Victor L-11601 - L-11603

Pietro Mascagni:

Cavalleria rusticana (1890)

 

Carlo Sabajno

La Scala Orchestra and Chorus

 

Delia Sanzio soprano,

Giovanni Breviario tenor,

Piero Biasini baritone,

Olga de Franco contralto,

Maria Pantaleoni mezzo-soprano,

Olga de Franco contralto

 

15, 23, 25, 30 April, 1, 3, 25 May 1929

and 17, 31 January, 17, 18, 20, 22 March, 12 April 1930 La Scala, Milan

1930 HMV recordings were first issued on nine 78 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) HMV Gramophone discs C 1973 - C 1981 and also HMV C 7407 - C 7485.

picture

It was issued by Victor in the US on nine 78 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) Red Seal discs in Musical Masterpiece album M-98.

In 1931, these recordings were dubbed onto three double-sided Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) long play "Program Transcription" discs Victor L-11601, L-11602 and L-11603.

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LCVE-69747-5, LCVE-69751-1, LCVE-69752-1, LCVE-69755-1, LCVE-69756-2 and LCVE-69757-1

 

The 18 original 78 RPM HMV matrices were: CM 874-4, CM 831-1, CM 812-2, CM 848-2, CM 855-2, CM 813-2, CM 838-2, CM 1457-1, CM 877-5, CM 846-2, CM 847-3, CM 852-2, 837-5, 803-6, 866-3, 858-5, 837-3, 1546-2

picture

Victor L-11604

Edvard Grieg: Peer Gynt Suite no 1: Morning, Death of Ase, Anitra's Dance In The Hall of the Mountain King, Ingrid's Lament, Arabian Dance, The Return of Peer Gynt, Solveig's Song

 

Josef Pasternack

Victor Symphony Orchestra

 

and Eugene Goossens

New Light Symphony Orchestra

 

30 September 1926 Camden Church Studio, Camden, New Jersey

 

and 8 June 1928 Queen's Hall, London

The Pasternack Victor recording was first issued on 78 RPM Victor 12 inch (30 cm) 35793, and Victor 10 inch (25 cm) 20245.

The Goossens HMV recording was first issued on 78 RPM HMV discs 5-0969, 5-0970, 5-0971, 5-0987.

In 1931, these recordings were dubbed onto a double-sided Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) long play "Program Transcription" disc Victor L-11604, a double-sided disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LCVE-69746-2 and LCVE-69745-1

The original 78 RPM Victor matrices for Pasternack were: BVE-35886-3, CVE-35887-3, BVE-35888-3, CVE-35889-2

The original 78 RPM HMV matrices for Goossens were: CR2081-2A, CR2082-1A, CR2083-1A, CR2084-1

picture

Victor L-11659 - L-11662

Beethoven: Symphony no 3 in E-flat major, Opus 55 "Eroica"

 

Willem Mengelberg

New York Philharmonic

 

4, 10 January 1930 Liederkranz Hall, New York City

First issued on 78 RPM Victor Musical Masterpied album M-115 in 1930, in 1933 this 1930 recording was dubbed onto four Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) double sided long play "Program Transcription" discs Victor L-11659 through L-11662

 

Four double-sided 12 inch (30 cm) discs

original 78 RPM matrices were: CVE-58152-3, CVE-58153-3, CVE-58154-3, CVE-58155-3, CVE-58156-3, CVE-58157-1, CVE-58158-2, CVE-58159-1, CVE-58160-2, CVE-58161-1, CVE-58162-1, CVE-58172-2, CVE-58173-2, CVE-58174-2

picture

Victor L-16000

Home, Save The Last Dance For Me, A Faded Summer Love

 

Wayne King and His Orchestra

 

23 November 1931, Chicago, Webster Hotel

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBVE-70622-3

picture

Victor L-16002

I'm Sorry Dear, Old Playmate, Good Night Sweetheart

 

Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

 

1 December 1931, Chicago, NBC Merchandise Mart Studio D

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBVE-70635-1

picture

Victor L-16004

Popular Selections: Don't Ask Me Why, Fate

 

Nat Shilkret and the Victor Orchestra

 

22 December 1931, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBRC-70993-1

picture

Victor L-16006

Mood Indigo, Hot and Bothered, Creole Love Call

 

Duke Ellington and his Orchestra

 

3 February 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBSHQ-71812-2

picture

Victor L-16007

East St. Louis Toodle-oo, Lot O'Fingers, Black and Tan Fantasy

 

Duke Ellington and his Orchestra

 

9 February 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBSHQ-71836-2

picture

Victor L-16008

Gems from Hot-Cha and Gems from Face The Music

 

Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

 

2 March 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBRC-71908-2A

picture

Victor L-16013

Popular Selections - A Million Dreams, A Little Street Where Friends Meet, What Would Happen To Me If Something Happened To You ?

 

Isham Jones and His Orchestra

 

13 October 1932, Camden Church Studio 1, Camden, New Jersey

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBS-73819-1

picture

Victor L-16014

Show Boat Medley: Ole Man River, Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man, Make Believe, Why Do I Love You, Ole Man River

 

Jesse Crawford playing the Wurlitzer organ

 

26 October 1932, Paramount Theatre organ studio, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBS-71771-1

picture

Victor L-16017

Willow Weep For Me, Take Me In Your Arms, In The Dim, Dim Dawning

 

Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

 

24 November 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBS-74612-1

picture

Victor L-16018

College Medley

 

Fred Waring's Pennsylvanians, Fred Waring conductor

 

11 November 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBSHQ-73943-1

picture

Victor L-16019

Dance Medley: Rocking Chair, Lazy River, Daybreak, Georgia On My Mind, Rocking Chair

 

Hoagy Carmichael and His Orchestra

 

9 May 1932, Studio 1, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBSHQ-72558-1

picture

Victor L-16021

Dance Medley - You've Got Me Crying Again, Down A Carolina Lane, Honestly

 

Isham Jones and His Orchestra

 

14 February 1933, Studio 2, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBS-75223-1

picture

Victor L-16022

Dance Medley - Close To My Heart, Meet Me At The Gleeming, You Must Believe Me

 

Dan Bestor and his Orchestra

 

14 February 1933, Studio 2, New York City

A single-sided 10 inch (25 cm) disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrix was: LBS-75223-1

picture

Victor L-24000

To A Wild Rose, Gavotte, A Little Love, A Little Kiss, Black Eyes, The Merry Widow, Brahms Lullaby, Two Guitars

 

Nathaniel Shilkret and the Victor Salon Orchestra

 

21 May 1931, Studio 2, New York City

A 10 inch (25 cm) double-sided disc.

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LBRC-69642-2 and LBRC-69643-1

picture

Victor L-24001

Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue

 

George Gershwin, piano, Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

 

21 April 1927 Liederkranz Hall, New York City

A 10 inch (25 cm) double-sided disc.

First issued on 78 RPM Victor 35822, matrices CVE-30173-8 and CVE-30174-6 recorded 21 April 1927. In 1931 these recordings were dubbed onto Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) single sided long play "Program Transcription" disc Victor L-24001.

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LBVE-69734-1

picture

Victor L-24002

Kamennoi-Ostrow: Reve Angelique, Liszt: Liebestraum no 3 in A flat - Nocture, Ketelbey: In A Persian Market, Ketelbey: In a Chinese Temple Garden

 

Rosario Bourdon and the Victor Symphony Orchestra

and Nathaniel Shilkret and the International Concert Orchestra

 

9 May 1927 Camden Church Studio, Camden, New Jersey, 7 May 1926 and 1 July 1926 New York City

A 10 inch (25 cm) double-sided disc.

First issued on 78 RPM Victor 35820 recorded 9 March 1927 and Victor 35777 recorded 7 May 1926. In 1931 these recordings were dubbed onto Victor 33 1/3 RPM 12 inch (30 cm) double sided long play "Program Transcription" disc Victor L-24002

 

original 78 RPM matrices were: CVE-37847-3, CVE-37848-2, CVE-3581-1, CVE-35735-1

picture

Victor L-24008 - L-24009

Gilbert & Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance

 

Civic Light Opera Company of New York City, Lewis Kroll director

Vivian Hart soprano, Howard Marsh tenor, Herbert Watrous bass, John Eston baritone, Mabel Thompson contralto, Frank Moulan comedian

 

23 February 1932, Studio 1, New York City

Two Victor 33 1/3 RPM 10 inch (25 cm) double sided long play "Program Transcription" discs Victor L-24008 and L-24009

 

33 1/3 RPM matrices LBRC-71886-1, LBRC-71887-1, LBRC-71888-1, LBRC-71889-1

picture

Victor L-35000

Sacred Music for Funeral Parlors

 

Charles O'Connell

Pipe organ

 

4 March 1932, Camden Church Studio number 2, Camden, New Jersey

A double-sided 12 inch (30 cm) disc of background music for 'funeral parlors' played by Charles O'Connell, Victor recording supervisor for Stokowski and others.

 

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LCVE-70594-4 and LCVE-72010-2

picture

Victor L-35001 - L-35002

Ferde Grofé (1892-1972): Grand Canyon Suite (1931) as orchestrated for Whiteman's Orchestral forces (Grofé later produced an expanded orchestration for full symphony orchestra)

 

Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

 

26, 27, 28 April 1932, Camden Church Studio number 2, Camden, New Jersey

Paul Whiteman commissioned this famous work by Ferde Grofé and he gave the premiere November 22, 1931. These 33 1/3 recordings were made during the same sessions as the eight 78 RPM sides. 78 RPM discs were: Victor 36052, 36053, 36054, 36055

 

A double-sided 12 inch (30 cm) disc

33 1/3 LP matrices were: LCSHQ-72092-1, LCSHQ-72097-2, LCSHQ-72100-2, LCSHQ-72603-1,

 


 

1  page 47.  Music Matters. San Antonio Express. San Antonio, Texas. September 27, 1931
2  page 3.  Victor Company Introduces New 30 Minute Record  Austin Daily Record.  Austin, Texas. November 28, 1931.
3  Discography of American Historical Recordings.  compiled by the University of California, Santa Barbara.  accessed at their website: http://adp.library.ucsb.edu/
4   Wallerstein, Edward.  The Development of the LP. High Fidelity magazine.  April 1976 volume 26 number 4.

 


 

If you have any comments or questions about this Leopold Stokowski site, please e-mail me (Larry Huffman) at e-mail address: leopold.stokowski@gmail.com  

 


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L'Héritage de Stokowski - Accueil français

Victor Talking Machine Company, Eldridge Johnson, et le développement de la technologie d'enregistrement acoustique

1917 - 1924 les enregistrements acoustique Victor de Leopold Stokowski et l'Orchestre de Philadelphie

1917 -  Premiers enregistrements acoustique de Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1917 - 1919 autres enregistrements acoustique Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1920 - 1921 autres enregistrements acoustique Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1922 - 1924 autres enregistrements acoustique Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1919 - 1924 enregistrements acoustique Russe Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1920 - 1924 enregistrements acoustique français - Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1921 -1924 enregistrements acoustique Tchaïkovski - Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1921 - 1924 enregistrements acoustique Wagner - Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1924 enregistrements acoustique Rachmaninov - Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

Développement de l'enregistrement électrique

Permis d'exploitation du système Westrex donné à Victor et Columbia

1925 Premier enregistrement électrique Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1925 autres enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1926 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1927 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

Encore des enregistrements 1927 électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1928 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1929 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1930 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1931 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1932 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1933 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1934 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

Encore des enregistrements 1934 électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1935 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1936 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1937 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

1939-1940 enregistrements électriques Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie

D'autres documents sur Stokowski et l'Orchestre de Philadelphie

Camden église studio - Victor Talking Machine studio d'enregistrement

Leopold Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie Enregistrement à l'Académie de musique de Philadelphie

Interviews avec Leopold Stokowski

Leopold Stokowski Orchestrations

Leopold Stokowski, Harvey Fletcher et les laboratoires Bell expérimental enregistrements

Maîtres de restauration moderne de disques historique

CDs de Stokowski et l'Orchestre de Philadelphie

Leopold Stokowski Discographies chronologique

      Leopold Stokowski Discographie chronologique - enregistrements acoustique

      Leopold Stokowski Discographie chronologique - enregistrements électriques

Leopold Stokowski - Orchestre de Philadelphie bibliographie, des sources et crédits

L'Orchestre symphonique de Boston - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre symphonique de Chicago - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre de Cleveland - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre du Metropolitan Opera de New York - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre philharmonique de New York - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre de Philadelphie - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre symphonique Russe de New York - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre symphonique de San Francisco - musiciens principaux

L'Orchestre symphonique de St. Louis - musiciens principaux